What should I know
before breeding my dog?

Are you thinking of Breeding your Dog?

Thinking of breeding???????  Think AGAIN!
For People who want to Breed Dogs
Factors to Consider
Will your dog contribute excellent health, temperament, working ability or conformity to the
breed standard?
Do you understand that spaying and neutering will prevent some health problems that you
risk by keeping your dog intact?
Are you aware of any and all health and temperament problems in your dog’s pedigree?
Are you willing to search for the best dog to breed your dog to, even if you have to travel out
of state?
Do you have carefully screened buyers and deposits for all puppies you may produce?
Do you have money set aside in case the dam or puppies need emergency care?
Can you or another responsible adult be present 24 hours a day for the first 3 weeks in case
hand feeding is needed?
Have you read about what to prepare and expect for canine pregnancy, whelping and puppy
rearing? (rec. source:  Canine Reproduction:  A Breeder’s Guide 2nd Edition, Phyllis Holst)
Are you willing to keep and properly socialize all the puppies until good homes are found?
Are you willing to take back any or all puppies any time in their lives that they may no longer
be wanted?
Are you willing to serve as a lifetime resource for the buyers of your puppies?

Pre-Breeding Procedures

Annual CERF eye certification.
Wait until 2 years of age before breeding, then have OFA hip and elbow certification
Have all breed-specific health clearances performed—check with veterinarian and national
breed club (may include heart, thyroid, genetic testing and many others).
Have Brucella canis test performed 1 month in advance.
Have a complete physical examination performed on your dog prior to breeding.  This should
include digital vaginal exam to check for vaginal bands/stricture.
By Joni L Freshman DVM, MS, DACVIM
Permission to copy with original attribution
Copyright 2003—2004 by the Veterinary Information Network, Inc. All rights reserved.  Godiva
Labradors has an excellent page on Breeding.  What to expect, Questions asked and
answered and a story from a well know breeder.  The page is well exampled, well written and
eye opening.

“Which is more important to you, the dog that you now have or the puppies?

I know that your answer is your lovely lady.  The next question is:  If you know ahead of time
that your dog would die due to complications, would you still breed?  I am sure your answer is
no!!!  Believe me it happens far more often than most people think.  MANY, MANY, things can
go wrong during pregnancy and whelping.”